Moral development adults
Universal ethical principles Principled conscience The understanding gained in each stage is retained in later stages, but may be regarded by those in later stages as simplistic, lacking in sufficient attention to detail. Pre-conventional[ edit ] The pre-conventional level of moral reasoning is especially common in children, although adults can also exhibit this level of reasoning. Reasoners at this level judge the morality of an action by its direct consequences. The pre-conventional level consists of the first and second stages of moral development and is solely concerned with the self in an egocentric manner. A child with pre-conventional morality has not yet adopted or internalized society's conventions regarding what is right or wrong but instead focuses largely on external consequences that certain actions may bring. For example, an action is perceived as morally wrong because the perpetrator is punished.
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Kohlberg - Moral Development | Simply Psychology
Morality and the Superego: The founder of psychoanalysis, Sigmund Freud , proposed the existence of a tension between the needs of society and the individual. A proponent of behaviorism, B. Skinner similarly focused on socialization as the primary force behind moral development . In contrast to Freud's notion of a struggle between internal and external forces, Skinner focused on the power of external forces reinforcement contingencies to shape an individual's development. Piaget's Theory of Moral Development:
Activities for Teaching Moral Development
Kohlberg - Summary of Theory Kohlberg proposed a theory of moral development that expanded on Piaget's work. Piaget had mapped moral development to two stages, with the second stage emerging at about years. Piaget observed that children under age made decisions based on consequences and saw fixed rules delivered by stern authority. Children older than saw rules as relative and bendable if not breakable. They made moral judgements based on the motives of the person involved Crain,
Significant Others, "Tyranny of the They" They say…. Beginning in middle school, up to middle age - most people end up here Acceptance of the rules and standards of one's group. Individual acts to gain approval of others.
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